How many grams are in a kilogram? Converting grams to kilograms or vice versa is easier than you think. Whether you are practicing portion control or baking up a storm in the kitchen, knowing how to convert grams to kilograms can simplify the process.
Our gram-to-kilogram conversion guide features easy-to-use math formulas to quickly convert measurements of grams to kilograms and kilograms to grams and handy conversion charts to make weight conversions effortless.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn’t Read): 1,000 grams are in one kilogram.
When dealing with grams, kilograms, and other units of weight measurements, it is important to know the difference between weight and mass. These terms are often mixed up but refer to different things.
Mass is the amount of matter in an item, measured in grams and kilograms. These units of measurement are based on the metric system of measurement.
The gravitational force exerted on an object determines its weight.
Weight is determined by the gravitational force on an object. Here is a formula to help you understand the relationship between mass and weight:
Weight = Acceleration due to gravity x mass
Gravity is relatively the same anywhere on Earth, with slight variations due to altitude changes and centrifugal forces from the planet’s rotation.
However, the force of gravity changes if you are on the moon or Mars, for example. So, a person would technically weigh less on the moon than on Earth but have the same mass in both places. Mass does not change, but the weight can.
Summary: Mass does not change. It remains the same wherever you are. Weight depends on the acceleration due to gravity of the location. For example, in an environment without gravity, the weight of an object would be zero because there is no gravitational force exerted on the object.
The United States typically uses U.S. customary units of mass such as ounces, pounds, and tons. Almost everywhere else uses the metric system of measurements that uses grams, kilograms, and metric tons.
For quick reference, here is the conversion between different metric units of mass:
- 1,000 grams = 1 kilogram
- 1,000 kilograms = 1 metric ton
- 1,000,000 grams = 1 metric ton
Prefixes allow you to convey weight as fractions or multiples of a gram.
- 1 gigatonne (Gt) = 1,000,000,000,000,000 grams
- 1 megatonne (Mt) = 1,000,000,000,000 grams
- 1 tonne (t) = 1,000,000 grams
- 1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams
- 1 gram (g) = 1 gram
- 1 milligram (mg) – 0.001 grams
- 1 microgram (µg) = 0.000001 grams
- 1 nanogram (ng) = 0.000000001 grams
- 1 picogram (pg) = 0.000000000001 grams
One pound is equal to 453.5923 grams.
To convert pounds to grams, multiply the number of pounds by 453.5923. For example, to determine the number of grams in 10 pounds, multiply 10 by 453.5923.
10 pounds x 453.5923 = 4,535.923 grams
One pound is equal to 0.4535923 kilograms.
To convert pounds to kilograms, multiply the number of pounds by 0.4535923. For example, to determine the number of kilograms in 10 pounds, multiply 10 by 0.4535923.
10 pounds x 0.4535923 = 4.535923 kilograms
For an approximate result, you can also divide the mass value by 2.205
10 pounds ÷ 2.205 = 4.53514739229 kilograms
One ounce is equal to 28.3495 grams.
To convert ounces to grams, multiply the number of ounces by 28.3495. For example, to determine the number of grams in 5 ounces, multiply 5 by 28.3495.
5 ounces x 28.3495 = 141.7475 grams
One ounce is equal to 0.0283495 kilograms.
To convert ounces to kilograms, multiply the number of ounces by 0.0283495. For example, to determine the number of kilograms in 12 ounces, multiply 12 by 0.0283495.
12 ounces x 0.0283495 = 0.340194 kilograms
You can also divide the mass value by 35.274.
12 ounces ÷ 35.274 = 0.34019391052 kilograms
Merriam-Webster defines a gram (g or gm) as a “metric unit of mass equal to 1/1000 kilogram and nearly equal to the mass of one cubic centimeter of water at its maximum density.”
In the United States, ounces and pounds are more commonly used than grams. Food product labels will feature grams on the nutrition label.
Grams refer to units of mass. One-thousand grams equals one kilogram or about 2.2 pounds.
Merriam-Webster defines a kilogram (kg) as “the base unit of mass in the International System of Units that is defined by setting the fixed numerical value of Planck’s constant to 6.62607015 x joule seconds.”
A kilogram is a unit of mass for the metric system. One gram equals 0.001 kilograms.
There are 1,000 grams in one kilogram.
Grams = (Amount of kilograms) x 1,000
There are 0.001 kilograms in one gram.
Kilograms = (Amount of grams) ÷ 1,000
To convert grams to kilograms, divide the number of grams by 1,000.
Convert grams to kilograms using this formula:
Kilograms = Grams divided by 1,000
1 gram ÷ 1,000 = 0.001 kg
2 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.002 kg
10 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.01 kg
125 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.125
250 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.25 kg
500 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.5 kg
1,000 grams ÷ 1,000 = 1 kg
You can also multiply the number of grams by 0.001.
Kilograms = Grams x 0.001
10 grams x 0.001 = 0.01 kg
12.5 grams x 0.001 = 0.0125 kg
100 grams x 0.001 = 0.1 kg
500 grams x 0.001 = 0.5 kg
1,000 grams x 0.001 = 1 kg
Summary: To convert grams to kilograms, divide the number of grams by 1,000 or multiply the number of grams by 0.001.
One easy way to convert grams to kilograms without doing any math is to shift the decimal point three spaces to the left. This conversion method works because the metric system is based on multiples of ten.
For example, to convert 77 grams to kilograms, you would move the decimal point to the right of the last 7 and fill in blank spaces with a zero. Seventy-seven grams can be written as 77.0 grams. Moving the decimal point three spaces to the left would result in 0.077 grams.
To convert grams to kilograms in Excel, you need to use the CONVERT function, which converts a value in one system of measurement to another. For example, you can use the convert function to convert grams into pounds, gallons into liters, feet into meters, and more.
- “Number” refers to the numeric value you want to convert
- “From_unit” is the unit you want to convert from. Use quotations.
- “To unit” is the unit you want to convert to. Use quotations.
- Denote grams as “g”
- Denote kilograms as “kg”
Examples of formulas and their results:
=CONVERT(10,”g”,“kg”) results in 0.01
=CONVERT(554.5,”g”,”kg”) results in 0.5545
=CONVERT(1000,”g”,”kg”) results in 1
To convert kilograms to grams, multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000.
Convert kilograms to grams with this formula:
Grams = Kilograms x 1,000
1 kilogram x 1,000 = 1,000 grams
2 kilograms x 1,000 = 2,000 kilograms
0.25 kilograms x 1,000 = 250 grams
0.5 kilograms x 1,000 = 500 grams
0.75 grams x 1,000 = 750 grams
1.5 kilograms x 1,000 = 1,500 grams
100 kilograms x 1,000 = 100,000 grams
Summary: To convert kilograms to grams, multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000.
We make converting grams to kilograms easy. Our informative gram-to-kilogram conversion table makes converting metric units of mass simple.
|Grams (gm)||Kilograms (kg)|
|1 gm||0.001 kg|
|2 gm||0.002 kg|
|3 gm||0.003 kg|
|4 gm||0.004 kg|
|5 gm||0.005 kg|
|6 gm||0.006 kg|
|7 gm||0.007 kg|
|8 gm||0.008 kg|
|9 gm||0.009 kg|
|10 gm||0.01 kg|
|100 gm||0.1 kg|
|200 gm||0.2 kg|
|300 gm||0.3 kg|
|400 gm||0.4 kg|
|500 gm||0.5 kg|
|600 gm||0.6 kg|
|700 gm||0.7 kg|
|800 gm||0.8 kg|
|900 gm||0.9 kg|
|1,000 gm||1 kg|
Looking for an easy visual guide to converting kilograms to grams? Our conversion chart makes it easy to understand different conversions from kilograms to grams.
|Kilograms (kg)||Grams (gm)|
|1 kg||1,000 gm|
|2 kg||2,000 gm|
|3 kg||3,000 gm|
|4 kg||4,000 gm|
|5 kg||5,000 gm|
|6 kg||6,000 gm|
|7 kg||7,000 gm|
|8 kg||8,000 gm|
|9 kg||9,000 gm|
|10 kg||10,000 gm|
|20 kg||20,000 gm|
|30 kg||30,000 gm|
|40 kg||40,000 gm|
|50 kg||50, 000 gm|
|60 kg||60, 000 gm|
|70 kg||70,000 gm|
|80 kg||80,000 gm|
|90 kg||90,000 gm|
|100 kg||100,000 gm|
Here are people’s most frequently asked questions about gram-to-kilogram conversions and related conversions.
Grams and kilograms are units of mass in the metric system. Both units of mass measure dry items, not liquid materials.
Grams refer to a small amount of mass, while kilograms refer to a larger amount. One kilogram is equal to 1,000 grams.
There are 1,500 grams in 1.5 kilograms. To find out the number of grams in 1.5 kg, multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000.
1.5 kg x 1,000 = 1,500 grams
There are 2,000 grams in 2 kilograms. To determine the number of grams in 2 kilograms, multiply 2 kilograms by 1,000.
2 kg x 1,000 = 2,000 grams
There are 3,000 grams in 3 kilograms.To find out how many grams are in 3 kilograms, multiply 3 kilograms by 1,000.
3 kg x 1,000 = 3,000 grams
There are 4,000 grams in 4 kilograms. To find out how many grams are in 4 kilograms, multiply 4 kilograms by 1,000.
4 kg x 1,000 = 4,000 grams
There are 5,000 grams in 5 kilograms.To determine how many grams are in 5 kilograms, multiply 5 kilograms by 1,000.
5 kg x 1,000 = 5,000 grams
Convert 50 grams to kilograms by dividing 50 by 1,000. This equals 0.05 kilograms.
50 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.05 kilograms
To convert 100 grams to kilograms, divide the number of grams by 1,000. So, you would divide 100 by 1,000. 100 grams is equal to 0.1 kilograms.
100 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.1 kilograms
To convert 500 grams to kilograms, divide the number of grams by 1,000. Divide 500 by 1,000 to get 0.5 kilograms.
500 grams ÷ 1,000 = 0.5 kilograms
Convert 1,000 grams to kilograms by dividing by 1,000. 1,000 divided by 1,000 equals one kilogram.
1,000 grams ÷ 1,000 = 1 kilogram
There are 19.9581 kilograms in 44 pounds. To convert pounds to kilograms, divide the number of pounds by 2.20462 since there are 2.20462 pounds in one kilogram.
Kilograms = 44 ÷ 2.20462 = 19.9581 kilograms
There are 90.7185 kilograms in 200 pounds. To convert 200 pounds to its kilogram equivalent, divide 200 by 2.20462.
Kilograms = 200 ÷ 2.20462 = 90.7185 kilograms
There are 0.02834952 kilograms in one ounce. To determine the kilogram equivalent of a mass in ounces, multiply the mass in ounces by 0.02834952.
For example, to convert 10 ounces to kilograms, multiply 10 by 0.02834952.
Kilograms = 10 x 0.02834952 = 0.2834952 kilograms.
Yes, a kilogram represents a larger mass value than a gram. A kilogram is made up of 1,000 grams.
There are 0.453592 kilograms in one pound. One kilogram equals 2.20462 pounds.
There are 907.185 kilograms in a U.S. ton. There are 1,000 kilograms in a metric ton.
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It is important to understand the difference between a U.S. ton and a metric ton. One U.S. ton is equal to 2,000 pounds. One metric ton equals 2,204.62 pounds. One metric ton is heavier than a U.S. ton.
To convert a liter measurement into kilograms, multiply the density of the material and its volume.
Kilograms = Liters x Ingredient density
For example, to convert 10 liters to kilograms for an ingredient with a 0.7 g/mL density, this would be the formula:
10 liters = (10 x 0.7) = 7 kg
Yes, a kilogram is also known as a kilo, and kg is an abbreviated version.
There are 1,000,000 milligrams in one kilogram. Therefore, one milligram is equal to 0.000001 kilograms.
A kilogram is equal to 2.20462 pounds. Therefore, one kilogram is heavier than one pound.
Seventeen countries signed the Treaty of the Meter on May 20, 1875, establishing international standards for length and mass. The treaty defined the kilogram as the official unit of mass.
In November 2018, the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGMP) revised the definition of the kilogram.
Before the redefinition, a kilogram was defined as the exact mass of a platinum-iridium cylinder, known as the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK). The official IPK was stored in a vault just outside Paris. Prototypes were distributed to countries that signed the treaty.
Instead of basing the definition of a kilogram on a metal cylinder that kept on accumulating mass due to surface contamination, scientists decided to base the definition on a fundamental law of nature: the Planck constant.
Have you ever wondered what items weigh 1 kilogram? One kilogram is 2.20462 pounds. Here’s a short list of things that weigh about 1 kilogram.
- A pineapple
- A cabbage
- 400 pennies
- 200 nickels
- 440 dimes
- 176 quarters
- 88 half dollars
- 123 dollar coins
By comparison, items that weigh one about 1 gram include a paper clip, a U.S. dollar bill, a piece of chewing gum, a Bic brand pen cap, and a Japanese yen coin.
The most accurate way to measure grams and kilograms is to use a scale. When baking or cooking, you may use spoons and kitchen cups, but these measuring tools will only provide an approximate value. For best results, use a kitchen scale to measure grams and kilograms.
Select a mechanical or digital scale that operates with metric units of measurements. Place an empty container on the scale and then apply the tare function to remove the weight of the container.
If your scale does not have a tare function, subtract the weight of the container from the final amount when all the ingredients are in the container. Place items you are measuring inside the container and read the number on the digital display.
To measure with cups and spoons, you will need measuring tools that measure in grams, which may also have milliliter conversions. Some glass measuring cups may have grams listed as well. Fill the measuring tool with the ingredient and scrape the excess from the top.
To measure grams and kilograms of a known mass value, you can use a couple of formulas. Multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000 to get the gram conversion since 1,000 grams is 1 kilogram. You can also convert grams to kilograms by dividing the number of grams by 1,000.
Final Thoughts on How Many Grams Are in a Kilogram
Converting grams into kilograms or vice versa is super easy with the formulas or tables listed above. Now that you understand gram-to-kilogram conversions, you can practice portion control, cook and bake with wet and dry ingredients, and do much more!